MySQL is a widely used and popular relational database management system (RDBMS) that utilizes the SQL (Structured Query Language) language for managing and manipulating data. Developed by MySQL AB, MySQL is now owned and maintained by Oracle Corporation. It is known for its simplicity, ease of use, scalability, and high performance.

SQL, the language used by MySQL, is a standard language for managing relational databases. It provides a comprehensive set of commands and statements for creating, modifying, and querying databases and their structures. MySQL supports various operating systems, including Windows, Linux, macOS, and FreeBSD, making it a versatile choice for developers across different platforms.

Key features

Here are some key features and aspects of the MySQL language:

Data Definition Language (DDL): MySQL supports DDL statements such as CREATE, ALTER, and DROP, which are used to define and modify the structure of databases, tables, indexes, and other database objects.

Data Manipulation Language (DML): DML statements like SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE are used to retrieve, insert, modify, and delete data within the database. These statements allow you to interact with the data stored in the tables.

Data Control Language (DCL): DCL statements like GRANT and REVOKE are used to control user access and permissions to databases and database objects. They allow administrators to grant or revoke privileges to different users or user groups.

Transactions: MySQL supports transactional processing, allowing you to group multiple SQL statements into a single unit of work. You can begin a transaction, perform various operations, and then either commit or roll back the changes as a whole, ensuring data consistency and integrity.

Joins and Relational Operations: MySQL supports various types of joins, including INNER JOIN, LEFT JOIN, RIGHT JOIN, and CROSS JOIN, which allow you to combine data from multiple tables based on specified conditions. It also provides powerful operators and functions for performing common relational operations such as filtering, sorting, grouping, and aggregating data.

Indexing: MySQL allows you to create indexes on tables, which improve query performance by enabling faster data retrieval. Indexes can be created on single or multiple columns and are essential for efficient querying in large databases.

Stored Procedures and Functions: MySQL supports stored procedures and functions, which are precompiled SQL code blocks that can be stored in the database. They allow you to encapsulate frequently used logic and operations into reusable modules, enhancing code organization and performance.

Triggers: Triggers are database objects that automatically execute in response to specific events, such as data modifications (INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE) on a table. MySQL enables you to define triggers to enforce business rules, perform auditing, or automate certain actions.

Views: MySQL supports views, which are virtual tables derived from the result of a query. Views provide an additional layer of abstraction and can simplify complex queries by encapsulating logic into reusable structures.

Security and Authentication: MySQL offers various security features, including user authentication and access control mechanisms. It allows you to define user accounts, assign privileges, and enforce security policies to protect your data.

The main sections of MySQL tutorial

Database – create and set database.
Data Types – list of the main data types like: int, numeric, date, char, varchar, text.
Clauses – sort and filter row from table.
Insert – add new records into table.
Update – modify existing records in a table.
Delete – remove existing records in a table.
Select – query records from table.
Flow Control Statements – how to use CASE, IF, LEAVE, LOOP, WHILE.
Functions and Operators – list of MySQL functions and operators.
Table – examples how to create table and alter the table structure.
View – create and drop view.
Temporary Table – syntax and example of temporary table.
Triggers – MySQL create trigger.
Procedure – create, call procedure.
Function – create or replace function.
Indexes – MySQL create index syntax.

Start learn mysql using the basic commands

How to Create table
How to Create procedure
How to Create or replace function
How to Create trigger
How to add primary key in existing table
How to add foreign key to existing table
How to add a column to an existing table
How to add an index to table

MySQL’s popularity is due to its open-source nature, active community support, and widespread adoption. It is widely used in web applications, content management systems, data warehousing, and various other domains where reliable and efficient data storage and retrieval are crucial.